A Study to Assess the Side Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy with a View to Develop Educational Program Regarding Home Care Management for Prevention of Side Effects of ART Among HIV Positive Patients in ART Clinic at PGIMS, Rohtak

Volume: 10 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Subscription
International Journal of Immunological Nursing
Received Date: 02/23/2024
Acceptance Date: 04/08/2024
Published On: 2024-04-15
First Page: 5
Last Page: 14

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By: kavita choudhary

Abstract

Background: HIV/AIDS poses a growing challenge to public health, leading to additional socioeconomic challenges for individuals, families, communities, and governments across numerous nations. HIV is increasingly recognized as a chronic condition, necessitating individuals living with HIV to manage various symptoms associated with the infection, comorbid conditions, or adverse effects from medications over prolonged durations. Research studies show the side effects of ART, and home care management are the most common issues for people living with HIV/AIDS. So, there is a need to adopt different educational interventions to prevent it. Keeping this in mind, the present study has been adopted to assess the side effects of ART and home care management with a view to developing awareness among HIV/AIDS patients and ensuring a safe and quality life for HIV/AIDS patients. Objective: To evaluate the adverse reactions to antiretroviral treatment. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study took place at the ART clinic of Pt. BD Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, involving a sample of 60 participants. A structured checklist was developed to evaluate the adverse effects of ART in HIV patients, and non-probability convenient sampling was employed. Descriptive statistics were utilised to analyse the gathered data. Result: The findings reveal that the majority of patients (19, or 31.7%) belonged to the age group of 26–33 years of age. The majority (56.7%) were male. The majority, 56.7%, had an income of ₹ 10,001–20,000 in the low socioeconomic group. The majority of patients (100%) were receiving the NRTI drug regimen. The majority of the patients (78.3%) had symptoms of fatigue or loss of energy. The majority of patients (71.7%) had symptoms of fever, chills, and sweat. Conclusion: This study was useful for assessing the side effects of ART and providing information, education, and communication material for the improvement of home-based care to prevent side effects of ART and improve the quality of life of HIV patients.

Keywords: Side effects, antiretroviral therapy, educational program, home care management, ART, HIV

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Citation:

How to cite this article: kavita choudhary, A Study to Assess the Side Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy with a View to Develop Educational Program Regarding Home Care Management for Prevention of Side Effects of ART Among HIV Positive Patients in ART Clinic at PGIMS, Rohtak. International Journal of Immunological Nursing. 2024; 10(01): 5-14p.

How to cite this URL: kavita choudhary, A Study to Assess the Side Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy with a View to Develop Educational Program Regarding Home Care Management for Prevention of Side Effects of ART Among HIV Positive Patients in ART Clinic at PGIMS, Rohtak. International Journal of Immunological Nursing. 2024; 10(01): 5-14p. Available from:https://journalspub.com/publication/a-study-to-assess-the-side-effects-of-antiretroviral-therapy-with-a-view-to-develop-educational-program-regarding-home-care-management-for-prevention-of-side-effects-of-art-among-hiv-positive-patients/

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