Bioalcohol Production: A Detailed Review

Volume: 10 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Subscription
International Journal of Industrial Biotechnology and Biomaterials
Received Date: 04/09/2024
Acceptance Date: 05/01/2024
Published On: 2024-06-20
First Page: 52
Last Page: 59

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By: Pragya Yadav


Bioethanol stands as a pivotal player in the realm of renewable energy, deriving from organic materials abundant in sugars or their precursors. Its economic viability hinges largely on the affordability of substrates, which directly influences the overall cost of production. Microbial fermentation of carbohydrates, encompassing both pentose and hexose sugars, yields alcohols alongside valuable by-products, rendering bioethanol a versatile resource, particularly in the context of fuel production. The optimization of bioethanol production necessitates a comprehensive approach, starting with the meticulous design of the fermenter, which serves as the cornerstone apparatus for fermentation. The fermenter must uphold stringent aseptic conditions over prolonged periods, demanding substantial aeration and agitation to meet the metabolic demands of microbes involved. Additionally, precise control over temperature and pH, alongside provisions for sampling and compatibility with diverse processes, are imperative considerations. Furthermore, the fermenter’s design must minimize labor requirements, enable scalability, and mitigate evaporation losses, all while utilizing cost-effective materials without compromising performance. Central to the success of bioethanol production is the judicious selection of microbes, with various bacteria, yeast, and fungi offering diverse fermentative capabilities. Equally critical is the choice of substrate, spanning from sugar crops like sugarcane and sugar beet to cereals such as maize and wheat, as well as cellulosic substrates like straw and bagasse. Maintenance of aseptic conditions within the fermenter involves rigorous sterilization protocols for the vessel, air supply, exhaust gases, and the addition of sterile inoculum and nutrients. Through the integration of microbial, substrate, and operational considerations within a well-designed fermenter, efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and scalability of bioethanol production can be optimized, thus facilitating the transition towards sustainable energy sources.

Keywords: Bioalcohol, Fermentation, Bioethanol, HPLC, Batch fermentation.



How to cite this article: Pragya Yadav, Bioalcohol Production: A Detailed Review. International Journal of Industrial Biotechnology and Biomaterials. 2024; 10(01): 52-59p.

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