Comprehensive Review on Hypotension: Causes, Management, and Implications

Volume: 10 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Open Access
International Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Received Date: 02/27/2024
Acceptance Date: 04/03/2024
Published On: 2024-04-12
First Page: 20
Last Page: 24

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By: Rupinderjit Kaur and Ramesh Kumari


Hypotension, characterized by a decrease in systolic blood pressure below 100 and diastolic blood pressure below 60 mm Hg, poses a significant medical concern due to its various causes and potential complications. This review seeks to offer an extensive summary of hypotension, encompassing its varied causes and multifaceted contributing elements. The causes encompass a broad spectrum, ranging from lifestyle-related factors such as prolonged standing and dehydration to medication-induced hypotension. Underlying health issues like severe infection, bleeding in the intestines, heart problems, trauma, and severe burns also contribute to this condition. The article delves into the less-discussed aspects of hypotension, including its association with anemia, hypovolemia, pregnancy, adrenal gland failure, hypoxia, and allergic reactions. Special attention is given to the intricate relationship between hypotension and hypertension, emphasizing the importance of understanding the balance between the two conditions for effective management. The review explores the significance of prompt identification and intervention to prevent complications and enhance patient outcomes. Additionally, the article discusses current management strategies for hypotension, considering both pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. The potential implications of hypotension on various organ systems are also examined, highlighting the need for tailored treatment plans based on the underlying causes.

Keywords: Hypotension, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, causes, management, complications, organ systems



How to cite this article: Rupinderjit Kaur and Ramesh Kumari, Comprehensive Review on Hypotension: Causes, Management, and Implications. International Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2024; 10(01): 20-24p.

How to cite this URL: Rupinderjit Kaur and Ramesh Kumari, Comprehensive Review on Hypotension: Causes, Management, and Implications. International Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2024; 10(01): 20-24p. Available from:
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