Development of a Blockchain Technology Framework for Agri-food Supply Chain Management

Volume: 10 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Subscription
International Journal of Distributed Computing and Technology
Received Date: 05/04/2024
Acceptance Date: 05/13/2024
Published On: 2024-05-29
First Page: 22
Last Page: 28

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By: Baku A.R., E.C. Amadi, U.F. Eze, G.A. Chukwudebe, and C. Etus

Abstract

Supply chain management involves effectively managing the movement of goods and services all the way from their origin as raw materials to their delivery to the final consumer. It involves all the steps involved in transforming, transporting, and delivering products to meet customer demand. In agri-food supply chain management, producers, distributors, and consumers are demanding greater transparency in the food sector due to a rise in agricultural mislabeling and negligent handling of non-perishable items. Current research studies on traceability solutions sometimes do not offer dependable farm-to-consumer histories of products due to information spread among several divisions and the tendency to store incorrect data. This research delves into a novel blockchain-based framework specifically designed to improve traceability within agri-food supply chains. The proposed model offers a multi-faceted approach, incorporating several innovative features such as four-tiered architecture. This structured design likely organizes the framework into distinct layers, each handling specific functionalities within the system. Parallel side chains: these could act as secondary ledgers that manage high-volume transactions or store non-critical data, potentially improving scalability and transaction processing speed. Zero-knowledge proofs: This integration allows participants to verify ownership or compliance with regulations without revealing sensitive underlying data, enhancing privacy and trust within the network. InterPlanetary File System: By leveraging this system, the framework can efficiently store large data files. The study adopts a systematic literature review approach to gather insights from both academic and practitioner literature, comprehensively reviewed existing academic literature, industry reports, and white papers to understand the current state of knowledge on blockchain technology in agri-food supply chain management. Object-oriented analysis and design (OOAD) approach was employed for the analysis, Microsoft Visio was used as the platform for the design of the high-level model of the proposed system, and the unified modeling language was used for system modeling. The result contributes to the existing knowledge by offering a robust and scalable architecture that addresses critical challenges in the agri-food sector.

Keywords: Blockchain, agri-food supply chain, zero-knowledge proofs, InterPlanetary File System (IPFS), framework

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Citation:

How to cite this article: Baku A.R., E.C. Amadi, U.F. Eze, G.A. Chukwudebe, and C. Etus, Development of a Blockchain Technology Framework for Agri-food Supply Chain Management. International Journal of Distributed Computing and Technology. 2024; 10(01): 22-28p.

How to cite this URL: Baku A.R., E.C. Amadi, U.F. Eze, G.A. Chukwudebe, and C. Etus, Development of a Blockchain Technology Framework for Agri-food Supply Chain Management. International Journal of Distributed Computing and Technology. 2024; 10(01): 22-28p. Available from:https://journalspub.com/publication/ijdct-v10i01-6692/

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