Investigating the Impact of Music Therapy on Depression Among Older Adults in a Geriatric Facility in Kolar District

Volume: 07 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Subscription
International Journal of Geriatric Nursing
Received Date: 03/27/2024
Acceptance Date: 04/29/2024
Published On: 2024-05-11
First Page: 29
Last Page: 62

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By: Soniya Vijay


Background: Depression in older adults is a major health issue, especially in settings like nursing homes for the elderly. With the increasing interest in non-pharmacological interventions for managing depressive symptoms, music therapy has emerged as a promising approach. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy in reducing depressive symptoms among elderly residents of a selected geriatric home in Kolar district. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was employed, involving a sample of 60 elderly individuals diagnosed with mild to moderate depression, residing in a geriatric home in Kolar district. Participants were divided at random into two groups: one group participated in music therapy sessions twice per week over a span of eight weeks, while the other group was provided with the usual care. The primary outcome measure was the change in depressive symptoms, assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) before and after the intervention period. Results: The group that received intervention exhibited a significant decrease in GDS scores in comparison to the control group (p < 0.05), suggesting a substantial amelioration in depressive symptoms.    Additionally, qualitative feedback from participants suggested an enhancement in overall mood and social interaction within the intervention group. Conclusion: The results indicate that music therapy proves beneficial in alleviating depressive symptoms among elderly residents in geriatric facilities. This research adds to the increasing evidence backing the efficacy of music therapy as a non-pharmacological method to improve mental well-being in aging cohorts. It is advisable to conduct additional studies to investigate the enduring impacts of music therapy and its potential integration into conventional care protocols in geriatric environments.

Keywords: depression, geriatric home, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), depressive symptoms, music therapy



How to cite this article: Soniya Vijay, Investigating the Impact of Music Therapy on Depression Among Older Adults in a Geriatric Facility in Kolar District. International Journal of Geriatric Nursing. 2024; 07(01): 29-62p.

How to cite this URL: Soniya Vijay, Investigating the Impact of Music Therapy on Depression Among Older Adults in a Geriatric Facility in Kolar District. International Journal of Geriatric Nursing. 2024; 07(01): 29-62p. Available from:


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