Preparation, Process, and Significance of-fertilizers

Volume: 10 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Subscription
International Journal of Green Chemistry
Received Date: 04/06/2024
Acceptance Date: 04/16/2024
Published On: 2024-05-20
First Page: 1
Last Page: 8

Journal Menu

By: Ajay Singh and Mahima Rani


The application of chemical fertilizers (such as calcium nitrate, urea, ammonium sulfate, diammonium phosphate, etc.) is crucial to the world’s food production because it acts as a fast food for plants, accelerating their growth and efficiency. However, because of the excessive and unbalanced use of these synthetic inputs, negative effects are being observed. Beneficial microorganisms found in biofertilizers provide a sustainable substitute for chemical fertilizers, tackling the mounting worries about non-renewable resource depletion and environmental degradation. Biofertilizers play an important role in enhancing soil fertility, promoting plant growth, and ensuring agricultural sustainability. Various types of biofertilizers have distinct mechanisms of action and work with a variety of crops and soil types. Overall, this review compiles the body of knowledge currently available on biofertilizers, offering insightful information to academics and agricultural professionals who want to make the most of biofertilizers’ potential to advance sustainable agriculture and guarantee global food security.Biofertilizer, Nutrient, Microorganism, Agriculture, Sustainability.



How to cite this article: Ajay Singh and Mahima Rani, Preparation, Process, and Significance of-fertilizers. International Journal of Green Chemistry. 2024; 10(01): 1-8p.

How to cite this URL: Ajay Singh and Mahima Rani, Preparation, Process, and Significance of-fertilizers. International Journal of Green Chemistry. 2024; 10(01): 1-8p. Available from:


  1. Anncarol W. et al., 2019, International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture,
  2. Mukesh M et al., 2020, Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports,
  3. Rajiv K. et al., 2010, Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development, embarking on a second green revolution for sustainable agriculture by vermiculture biotechnology using earthworms: Reviving the dreams of Sir Charles Darwin
  4. Itelima JU, Bang WJ, Onyimba IA, et al. A review: biofertilizer; a key player in enhancing soil fertility and crop productivity. J Microbiol Biotechnol Rep. 2018;2(1):22-28.
  5. Khosro M. et al. 2012, ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, Bacterial Biofertilizers for Sustainable Crop Production: A Review
  6. Itelima J.U. et al. 2018, Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science, DOI:
  7. Chun-Li, W., Shiuan-Yuh, C., Chiu-Chung, Y., Present situation and future perspective of bio-fertilizer for environmentally friendly agriculture. Annual Reports, pp. 1–5, 2014.
  8. Chandan S. et al. 2019, Plant Science Today 6(1): 22-30
  9. Ademir S.F. et al. 2012, Geoderma Elsevier, Soil microbial biomass and organic matter fractions during the transition from conventional to organic farming systems.
  10. Youssef M.M.A. et al., 2014, Journal of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Research Vol. 5(1). pp.001-006, Biofertilizers and their role in the management of plant parasitic nematodes. A review.
  11. Li Y, Shi H, Zhang H, Chen S. 2019. Amelioration of drought effects in wheat and cucumber by the combined application of super absorbent polymer and potential biofertilizer. PeerJ 7: e6073
  12. Olubukola O. et al., 2019, Agronomy 2019, 9, 712; doi:10.3390/agronomy9110712
  13. Ji, SH., Kim, JS., Lee, CH. et al. Enhancement of vitality and activity of a plant growth- promoting bacteria (PGPB) by atmospheric
  14. Knobeloch L, Salna B, Hogan A, Postle J, Anderson H. Blue babies and nitrate- contaminated well water. Environ Health Perspect. 2000 Jul;108(7):675-8. doi: 10.1289/ehp.00108675. PMID: 10903623; PMCID: PMC1638204.
  15. Söğüt, S., and F. Çiğ.; Determination of the effect of plant growth-promoting bacteria on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) development under salinity stress conditions.Applied Ecology Environmental Research 17, no. 1 (2019).
  16. M. Cardinal et al. 2019, Microbiological Research, Volume 220, 2019, Pages 12-20, ISSN 0944-5013,
  17. Vessey, J.K. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers. Plant and Soil 255, 571–586 (2003).
  18. Meenakshi S. et al., 2016, International Advanced Research Journal in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 3, Issue 5, DOI:10.17148/IARJSET.2016.3534
  19. Kumar, Rakesh, Narendra Kumawat, and Yogesh Kumar Sahu.Role of biofertilizers in agriculture.Popular Kheti 5, no. 4 (2017): 63-66.
  20. Rai, Swapnil, and Nidhi Shukla.; Biofertilizer: An alternative to synthetic fertilizers.Plant Archives 20, no. 2 (2020): 1374-1379.
  21. Yafetto, Levi.Application of solid-state fermentation by microbial biotechnology for bioprocessing of agro-industrial wastes from 1970 to 2020: A review and bibliometric analysis. Heliyon 8, no. 3 (2022).
  22. Anthony O. Joseph W. 2014, Plant–microbes interactions in enhanced fertilizer-use Efficiency, DOI 10.1007/s00253-009-2196-0