Assessing the Effectiveness of Prophylactic Dressings in Reducing Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injuries in Intensive Care Units at Selected Hospitals

By:

S. Hema Malini, N. Anantha Lakshmi, R. Monisha, and Rohini Sharma

Volume: 10 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Subscription
International Journal of Nursing Critical Care
Received Date: 01/06/2024
Acceptance Date: 02/02/2024
Published On: 2024-03-28
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Citation:
S. Hema Malini, N. Anantha Lakshmi, R. Monisha, and Rohini Sharma Assessing the Effectiveness of Prophylactic Dressings in Reducing Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injuries in Intensive Care Units at Selected Hospitals International Journal of Nursing Critical Care. 2024; 10(01): -p.
Abstract

Patients face a risk of pressure injuries when mobility is restricted, and they experience reduced circulation or delicate skin. Factors such as alterations in cognitive function, bowel and bladder functionality, and inadequate intake of nutrients and fluids can contribute to the formation of pressure injuries. In 2016, there were 836.9 hospitalizations related to pressure injuries per 100,000 adults aged 65 years and older worldwide. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the Effectiveness of Prophylactic Sacral dressing on reduction of HAPI among patients in ICU. The study employed a Quantitative approach with a Quasi-experimental design, specifically utilizing a One group pre-test and post-test design. During Admission Braden scale assessment done by the Nurses to identify the patients who fill the inclusion criteria and select 30 samples by Non probability purposive sampling technique. Patient whose Braden score is 18 or less will be considered as samples for the study and apply the Allevyn prophylactic dressing. Data were collected and analyzed. It reveals that, the mean value of pre-test was 14.07 where as the mean value of post-test was 20.80. The overall mean difference was 6.73. This difference is large and reveals that prophylactic Dressing reduces the HAPI. Therefore, the data indicates the efficacy of Prophylactic dressing in reducing HAPI. This study demonstrates high significance at the p≤0.001 level.

Keywords: Hospital Acquired Pressure Injury (HAPI), Prophylactic dressing, inadequate intake, pressure injuries, delicate skin.

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Citation:

S. Hema Malini, N. Anantha Lakshmi, R. Monisha, and Rohini Sharma Assessing the Effectiveness of Prophylactic Dressings in Reducing Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injuries in Intensive Care Units at Selected Hospitals International Journal of Nursing Critical Care. 2024; 10(01): -p.

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