Evaluating the Efficacy of a Planned Teaching Program on Enhancing Knowledge about the Adverse Effects of Alcoholism among Adolescents (13–19 Years) in a Senior Secondary School in Bhiwani: A Quasi-Experimental Research Study

By:

Pooja, Rachna, and Shakuntla Devi

Volume: 10 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Subscription
International Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Received Date: 01/06/2024
Acceptance Date: 03/02/2024
Published On: 2024-03-27
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Citation:
Pooja, Rachna, and Shakuntla Devi Evaluating the Efficacy of a Planned Teaching Program on Enhancing Knowledge about the Adverse Effects of Alcoholism among Adolescents (13–19 Years) in a Senior Secondary School in Bhiwani: A Quasi-Experimental Research Study International Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2024; 10(01): -p.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Health is a precious gift bestowed upon us by God, and it is our responsibility to safeguard it for a wholesome life. Personal choices and behaviors play a pivotal role in determining one’s health, emphasizing that well-being is often a result of controllable individual actions rather than mere chance. The term ‘alcohol’ carries varied meanings within our society and has been in common use since ancient times. The European Charter on Alcohol by the World Health Organization asserts the right of all children and adolescents to grow up in an environment shielded from the adverse effects of alcohol dependence, minimizing the promotion of alcoholic beverages as much as possible. According to Erikson’s theory, adolescents find themselves in the identity versus role confusion phase, marked by the challenges of navigating through their teenage years with evolving thoughts and experiences. Lacking full maturity, adolescents may be unaware of proper conduct and are susceptible to veering off the right path. Engaging in risky behaviors without understanding the long-term health implications is common among young individuals. The focus of the current study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a planned teaching program on enhancing knowledge about the adverse effects of alcoholism among adolescents aged 13 to 19 years. Objectives of the study (1) Evaluate adolescents’ understanding of the negative consequences of alcoholism. (2) Evaluate the impact of a structured teaching program on adolescents’ knowledge about the adverse effects of alcoholism. (3) Examine the correlation between pre-test knowledge scores and selected demographic variables among the participants. Material and Method: The study employed a quantitative research approach and utilized a pre-experimental design with a single-group pre- and post-test. Samples were selected through convenience sampling. The research aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a planned teaching program on enhancing knowledge about the adverse effects of alcoholism among adolescents aged 13 to 19 years. Data analysis involved both descriptive statistics (Mean, Mean Difference, Standard Deviation) and inferential statistics (Paired t-test). The study findings revealed that among100 adolescents Pre-test on structured knowledge questionnaire majority of adolescents 18% had at poor knowledge and 65% had average knowledge and 17% had adequate knowledge regarding adverse effect of alcoholism. Whereas in Post test majority of adolescent 3% had poor knowledge 28% had average knowledge and 69% had adequate knowledge regarding adverse effect of alcoholism. Conclusion: Based on the results of the data analysis, it can be inferred that the structured teaching program on alcoholism and its adverse effects proved to be an effective approach in imparting sufficient knowledge to adolescents.

Keywords:  Alcoholism and its adverse effect, Adolescents, Knowledge, Planned Teaching Program

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Citation:

Pooja, Rachna, and Shakuntla Devi Evaluating the Efficacy of a Planned Teaching Program on Enhancing Knowledge about the Adverse Effects of Alcoholism among Adolescents (13–19 Years) in a Senior Secondary School in Bhiwani: A Quasi-Experimental Research Study International Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2024; 10(01): -p.

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