Understanding Ovarian Cysts: A Comprehensive Review of Diagnosis, Management, and Complications

By:

Kawalpreet Kaur

Volume: 10 | Issue: 01 | Year 2024 | Subscription
International Journal of Obstetrics, Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing
Received Date: 01/02/2024
Acceptance Date: 03/29/2024
Published On: 2024-03-30
First Page:
Last Page:

Journal Menu

Citation:
Kawalpreet Kaur Understanding Ovarian Cysts: A Comprehensive Review of Diagnosis, Management, and Complications International Journal of Obstetrics, Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing. 2024; 10(01): -p.
Abstract

An ovarian cyst refers to a sac filled with fluid or solid material that forms either within or on
the surface of an ovary. These cysts are commonly detected in women who have regular
menstrual periods and frequently do not cause any noticeable symptoms. Generally, ovarian
cysts are a natural occurrence and tend to resolve spontaneously within several months without
necessitating medical intervention. In fact, many women generate cysts regularly as part of their
menstrual cycle. Benign ovarian cysts can often be asymptomatic and spontaneously disappear,
leading many women to be unaware of their presence. However, in some instances, cysts may
grow excessively large or rupture, causing significant pain. Rarely, they may become cancerous.
Ovarian cysts are less common following menopause. The impact of cysts depends on factors
such as their type, size, and whether they are unilateral or bilateral. Large cysts have the
potential to compress ovarian tissue and lead to torsion, which involves the twisting of the ovary
and subsequent loss of blood supply, resulting in tissue damage. Some cysts may develop due to
hormonal imbalances, which can often be managed through dietary adjustments.

Keywords: Ovarian cyst, follicle, torsion, ovary, corpus luteum.

Loading

Citation:

Kawalpreet Kaur Understanding Ovarian Cysts: A Comprehensive Review of Diagnosis, Management, and Complications International Journal of Obstetrics, Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing. 2024; 10(01): -p.

Refrences:

  1. Ovarian cyst. Available online at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ovarian-cyst/#:~:text=An%20ovarian%20cyst%20usually%20only,pain%20during%20sex
  2. Office on Women Health. Ovarian cysts. Available online at: https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/ovarian-cysts
  3. org. Ovarian Cyst. Available online at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/ovarian-cyst/
  4. Nationwide Children. Ovarian Cyst. Available online at: https://www.nationwidechildrens.org/conditions/ovarian-cyst-and-torsion
  5. Ovarian cysts: Warning signs, causes, types, treatment and all you want to know By Parmita Uniyal. (Jan 17, 2023). Available online at: https://www.hindustantimes.com/lifestyle/health/ovarian-cysts-warning-signs-causes-types-treatment-and-all-you-want-to-know-101673949894164.html
  6. Dutta DC, “Textbook of gynaecology including contraception” edition 5th Pp(279,280);Published by New Central Agency.
  7. Health Line. Ovarian Cysts. Available online at: https://www.healthline.com/health/ovarian-cysts#types
  8. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2019). FAQ ovarian cysts. Available online at: https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/ovarian-cysts
  9. Mayo Clinic. (2021). Ovarian cysts. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cysts/symptoms-causes/syc-20353405
  10. American Cancer Society. (2021). Ovarian cancer risk factors. Retrieved from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovarian-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html
  11. Parker, W. H. (2016). Ovarian cysts. The New England Journal of Medicine, 375(23), 2257–2266. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcp1513879
  12. Maheshwari, A., Gurjar, V., & Singh, R. (2020). A comprehensive review on management of ovarian cysts. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 14(5), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2020/45411.13528